Guidelines and recommendations: Horses

spotlight topic:

7.b. Horses

Published 29 April 2021 | Updated 29 September 2023

  • Rathbone, P. et al. (2023) Antimicrobial resistance of endometrial bacterial isolates collected from UK Thoroughbred mares between 2014 and 2020. Veterinary Record, 192 (5), no. e2591.
  • Prescott, J. F. (2021) Outpacing the resistance tsunami: Antimicrobial stewardship in equine medicine, an overview. Equine Veterinary Education, 33 (10), pp. 539-545.
  • PROTECT ME Toolkit [BEVA][online] Available from: [Accessed 8 April 2021]
  • RUMA Companion Animal & Equine Alliance (2022) Annual progress report 2022.[online] Stevenage: RUMA. Available from: [Accessed 13 January 2023]
  • Swedish Veterinary Association (2013) Guidelines for the clinical use of antibiotics in the treatment of horses. Available from:  [Accessed 8 April 2021]
  • Mercer, M.A. and Davis, J.L. (2019) Clinical insights: antimicrobials in an age of resistance. Equine Veterinary Journal, 51 (6), pp. 711-713.
  • Isgren, C.M. et al (2021) Antimicrobial resistance in clinical bacterial isolates from horses in the UK. Equine Veterinary Journal.
  • Chalder, R.H. et al (2020) Changes in antimicrobial resistance patterns of ocular surface bacteria isolated from horses in the UK: an eight‐year surveillance study (2012‐2019). Veterinary Ophthalmology, 23 (6), pp. 950-956.
  • Khusro, A. et al (2020) Adverse effect of antibiotics administration on horse health: an overview. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 97, 103339.
  • Mair, T.S. and Parkin, T.D. (2020) Audit of antimicrobial use in eleven equine practices over a five‐year period (2014–2018). Equine Veterinary Education.
  • Floyd, E.F., Easton‐Jones, C.A. and Theelen, M.J.P. (2021) Systemic antimicrobial therapy in foals. Equine Veterinary Education.
  • Hardefeldt , L.Y., Bailey, K. E. and Slater, J. (2021) Overview of the use of antimicrobial drugs for the treatment of bacterial infections in horses. Equine Veterinary Education, 33 (11), pp. 602-611
  • Southwood, L. L. (2023) Surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis: Current standards of care. Equine Veterinary Education.
  • Arnold‐Lehna, D. et al. (2020) Changing policy to treat foals with Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in the later course of disease decreases antimicrobial usage without increasing mortality rate. Equine Veterinary Journal, 52, pp. 531– 537
    The August 2020 edition of inFOCUS contains a summary of this paper.
  • Isgren, C.M. et al. (2022) Antimicrobial resistance in clinical bacterial isolates from horses in the UK. Equine Veterinary Journal, 54 (2), pp. 390– 414.
  • Osma, M. et al. (2022) Antimicrobial resistance trends among canine Escherichia coli isolated at a New York veterinary diagnostic laboratory between 2007 and 2020. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 208, p. 105767.
  • Floyd, E.F., Easton-Jones, C.A. and Theelen, M.J.P. (2022) Systemic antimicrobial therapy in foals. Equine Veterinary Education, 34 (1), pp. 49-56.
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