Mpox: risks in companion animals

spotlight topic:

‘In the Spotlight’ features bring together collections of published papers on topics of interest and importance to the veterinary professions.

Papers are chosen for relevance and accessibility, with the full text of articles either being available through the RCVS Knowledge Library, on open access or from other publications to which a significant number of veterinary professionals are likely to have access. This means that there may be relevant evidence that is not included. If you would like assistance in searching for further evidence on this topic you may find the following helpful EBVM Toolkit 2: Finding the best available evidence.

If you would like to suggest a paper for inclusion in one of our published Spotlight features, or a topic for a future Spotlight feature, please email

Mpox: risks in companion animals

Published 6 June 2022 | updated 22 January 2024


This information has been put together following the increasing number of cases of Mpox (monkeypox) in humans and the advice that mammalian pets in households where Mpox has been confirmed should be isolated.

Mpox virus (MPXV) is an Orthopoxvirus and was first discovered in 1958 during an outbreak in an animal facility in Copenhagen, Denmark. Since its discovery, MPXV has been found to infect and induce disease in a range of mammals.

The first human case was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), causing a disease with symptoms similar, but less severe than smallpox. Two distinct clades have been identified: the West African clade and the Congo Basin clade, also known as the Central African clade.

The spread of Mpox may occur when a person comes into close contact with an infected human, animal or materials contaminated with the virus.

Image copyright attribute:

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.