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Published 14 November 2022 | Updated 15 March 2024

  • Liles, M., Brown, S. and Di Girolamo, N. (2024) Administration of meloxicam before rather than after castration on eating, defecation and pain indicators in pet rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus Veterinary Medicine and Science, 10, e1354.
  • Gronsky, S. et al. (2024) A single injection of high-concentration buprenorphine significantly reduces food and water intake as well as fecal and urine production in New Zealand White rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). American Journal of Veterinary Research.
  • Barter, L.S. (2011) Rabbit analgesia. Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice, 14 (1), pp. 93-104.
  • Benato, L. (2022) Assessing and ameliorating acute pain in rabbits. Companion Animal, 27 (12), pp. 171-174.
  • Benato, L. et al. (2020) Analgesia in pet rabbits: a survey study on how pain is assessed and ameliorated by veterinary surgeons. Veterinary Record, 186 (18), pp. 603-603.
  • Benato, L., Rooney, N.J. and Murrell, J.C. (2019) Pain and analgesia in pet rabbits within the veterinary environment: a review. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 46 (2), pp. 151-162.
  • Benato, L. et al. (2020) Pain and analgesia in pet rabbits: a survey of the attitude of veterinary nurses. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 61 (9), pp. 576-581.
  • Malik, A. (2021) Pain in rabbits: a review for veterinary nurses, part one: assessment of pain Veterinary Nursing Journal, 36 (3), pp. 105-112.
  • Malik, A. (2021) Pain in rabbits: a review for veterinary nurses part 2: management of pain in hospital. Veterinary Nursing Journal, 36 (4), pp. 132-138.
  • Malik, A. (2021) Pain in rabbits: a review for veterinary nurses, part three: management of chronic pain at home. Veterinary Nursing Journal, 36 (5), pp. 162-168.
  • Best, E. (2020) Should doses exceeding 0.2 mg/kg of oral meloxicam be given to reduce surgical recovery time in rabbits and should twice daily administration be considered? Veterinary Evidence, 6 (2).
  • Nield, K. and Govendir, M. (2019) Comparison of 0.2 Mg/kg Vs. 1.0 Mg/kg of oral meloxicam for safe and effective analgesia in domestic rabbits. Veterinary Evidence, 4 (2).

For further details on the assessment of pain in rabbits including validated assessment tools see:

Quality of Life assessment tools [inFOCUS][online]. Available from: [accessed 14 November 2022]