Health and welfare of Brachycephalic dogs: Cats

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Published 10 February 2023 | Updated 1 December 2023

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  • Berteselli, G.V. et al. (2023)  Flat-faced or non-flat-faced cats? That is the question. Animals, 13 (2), no. 206.
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  • Schlueter, C. et al. (2009) Brachycephalic feline noses: CT and anatomical study of the relationship between head conformation and the nasolacrimal drainage system. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 11 (11), pp. 891-900.
  • Gleason, H.E., Phillips, H. and McCoy, A.M. (2022) Influence of feline brachycephaly on respiratory, gastrointestinal, sleep, and activity abnormalities. Veterinary Surgery
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  • Mestrinho, L.A. et al. (2018) Oral and dental anomalies in purebred, brachycephalic Persian and Exotic cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 253 (1), pp. 66-72.
  • Oksa‐Minaļto, J. et al. (2022) Ocular surface physiology and aqueous tear secretion in cats of diverse cephalic conformations. Veterinary Ophthalmology.
  • Sieslack, J. et al. (2021) Correlation of brachycephaly grade with level of exophthalmos, reduced airway passages and degree of dental malalignment’in Persian cats. PLoS ONE, 16 (7), p. e0254420.
  • Pavletic, M.M. and Trout, N.J. (2023) Successful correction of stenotic nares using combined Alar Fold Lift-Up and Sulcus Pull-Down Techniques in brachycephalic cats: 8 cases (2017–2022). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.
  • Genetic welfare problems of companion animals. Persian: Brachycephaly [UFAW][online]. Available from: [Accessed 10 February 2023]

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