Quality of Life assessment tools – Arthritis / DJD pain assessment – Cats

spotlight topic:
5.a.ii. Cats

Published 29 August 2021

Feline Musculoskeletal Pain Index (FMPI)
Developed for owner assessment of the severity and impact of musculoskeletal pain. It contains 17 items involving mobility, ability to perform daily activities (e.g. jumping up and down, playing with toys, grooming, using the litter box) and interaction with other pets and people.

  • Benito, J. et al (2013) Reliability and discriminatory testing of a client-based metrology instrument, feline musculoskeletal pain index (FMPI) for the evaluation of degenerative joint disease-associated pain in cats. The Veterinary Journal, 196 (3), pp. 368-373. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2012.12.015
  • Benito, J. et al (2013) Feline musculoskeletal pain index: responsiveness and testing of criterion validity. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 27 (3), pp. 474-482. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.12077
    Supplementary material
    o Appendix S1. Instructions read to owners each time the FMPI was completed
    o Appendix S2. Details of the Feline Musculoskeletal Pain Index (FMPI)
  • Enomoto, M. et al (2021) Refinement of the Feline Musculoskeletal Pain Index (FMPI) and development of the short-form FMPI. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, https://doi.org/10.1177/1098612X211011984

Client Specific Outcome Measures (CSOM)
A tool designed to measure the pet owner’s assessment of difficult it is for their cat to perform certain specific activities. It has been used to evaluate the impact of osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease associated pain in cats.

  • Lascelles, B.D.X. et al (2007) Evaluation of client‐specific outcome measures and activity monitoring to measure pain relief in cats with osteoarthritis. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 21 (3), pp. 410-416. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-1676.2007.tb02983.x

Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis
A clinical metrology instrument that comes in two forms:

Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing for use by veterinarian (MI-CAT(V))  containing 25 items involving body posture, gait, willingness and ease of horizontal movements, jumping and a general lameness score:

Klinck, M.P. et al (2015) Preliminary Validation and Reliability Testing of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use by Veterinarians, in a Colony of Laboratory CatsAnimals, (4), pp. 1252-1267 [see Supplementary File 1]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani5040410

Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing for use by caretaker (MI-CAT(C)) containing 38 items including agility; social, play and exploratory behaviours; self-maintenance; and physical condition:

MI-CAT(C)-v1 – Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing (Caretaker) – Version 1 [online]. Available from: https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0168159117303271-mmc1.pdf [accessed 29 August 2021]

MI-CAT(C)-v2 – Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing (Caretaker) – Version  2. [online]. Available from: https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0168159117303271-mmc2.pdf [accessed 29 August 2021]

  • Klinck, M.P. et al (2015) Preliminary validation and reliability testing of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for use by veterinarians, in a colony of laboratory cats. Animals, 5 (4), pp. 1252-1267.  DOI: 10.3390/ani5040410
  • Klinck, M.P. et al (2018) Development and preliminary validity and reliability of the montreal instrument for cat arthritis testing, for use by caretaker/owner, MI-CAT (C), via a randomised clinical trial. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 200, pp. 96-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.11.013
  • Klinck, M.P. (2018) Refinement of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use by Veterinarians: detection of naturally occurring osteoarthritis in laboratory cats. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 20 (8), pp. 728-740. https://doi.org/10.1177/1098612X17730172
0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.